Educational practice in the United States was developed under the influence of the culture and history of the Southern Colonies, as well as New England and the Middle Colonies. The researches reveal that the significant difference in education structure of these territories was stipulated by complicated social and political aspects and goals of the New World society.
The Southern Colonies took pride of place for rich lands and cash crops. The agricultural orientation determined by geography and supportive environment provided the basis for further development of the society. In addition, feudality borrowed by the settlers from England worked towards internalized class system and anti-progressive culture. American society turned into a society of deference where education was available only to free and rich people belonging to Anglican Church. Religious conservatism fortified social oppression and limitation of rights of lower class. Thus, there was no formal schooling for poor children whereas wealthier children could get diplomas even in England.
The educational practice of New England and the Middle Colonies applied another approach. These territories were strongly influenced by religion. As far as the Puritans were convinced that Satan could capture people who were not able to read scriptures, they were worried about the level of knowledge of every citizen. Thus, since the early years children from each family were taught to read, write and count. Later they received professional education according to the gender and personal skills. Everyone was provided with social safety within the states.
Today there is no difference in education systems within the United States. It is obvious that the practice differs from practices of the other countries. Therefore, based on democratic principles, it is the same for all citizens in any part of the state where social principles are of greater importance than religious tendencies. Though, inequality in education due to the level of income still exists.
About the Author
Luna Griffin is a specialist in English literature at the Orlando University and longtime work as a writer at https://writer-elite.com – essay writing services that provide all students with any types of written assignments in all disciplines. She always wanted to become a writer and publish a book that will become a new contribution to the literature. She started career as an English Tutor after which she started to show interest in child psychology research. She is currently working on a variety of topics related to studying the state of modern education.